The report of the 19th CPC National Congress explicitly pointed out that innovation is the primary driving force for development and is a strategic support for the construction of a modern economic system. The report emphasizes that it is necessary to promote the building of a powerful nation with science and technology. To study and implement the spirit of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, we must aim at the forefront of science and technology in the world, strengthen basic research, and achieve major breakthroughs in forward-looking basic research and leading original results. We will strengthen the application of basic research, expand the implementation of major national science and technology projects, highlight key common technologies, cutting-edge leading technologies, modern engineering technologies, and disruptive technological innovations, and comprehensively and in-depthly advance the building of a powerful nation of science and technology in the world.
Efforts to be at the forefront of innovative countries
Innovation is the core of the building of a powerful country in science and technology. The Nineteenth National Party Congress clearly stated that it is necessary to strengthen the construction of the national innovation system, strengthen the strategic scientific and technological forces, and achieve a substantial leap in the strength of science and technology, making it among the forefront of innovative countries. We must adhere to the guidance of General Secretary Xi Jinping's scientific and technological innovation, implement the innovation-driven development strategy, and comprehensively promote the building of a powerful country in science and technology.
Highlight innovation and lead the innovation at the heart of the country’s overall development. Judging from the stage of domestic economic development, traditional economic development models relying on factor expansion have been difficult to sustain, and we must move to relying on innovation to drive new development models. We must continuously upgrade our ability for independent innovation in order to inject new momentum into economic and social development. , create new impetus, really realize strong science and technology, strong industry, strong economy, strong country. Judging from the development trend of science and technology in the world, a new round of scientific and technological revolutions in the world and the rise of industrial reforms will have a profound impact on human society, global economic and political patterns, industrial forms, and people’s lifestyles. This requires that we must seize this rare strategic opportunity, enhance our sense of responsibility and sense of urgency in our mission, lay a good foothold in the game and seize the commanding heights, and win the initiative and take the initiative in the international competitive landscape of science and technology.
Emphasize innovation and self-confidence, and unswervingly take the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that we must have confidence in the world's cutting-edge level. This self-confidence stems from our institutional superiority of having socialist concentrated forces, and from our innovative wisdom and innovative power that lies in the middle of hundreds of millions of people. We must always insist on innovation and self-confidence, work hard in key areas and places where cards are stuck, adopt "asymmetric" catch-up strategies, organize superior scientific and technological resources to carry out collaborative innovation and integrate research, and make breakthroughs in order to catch up. More areas to achieve and the world's scientific and technological power of "run" and "leader."
Improve the innovation management system and fully release the vitality of various innovative elements. Fully mobilize the enthusiasm of the innovation subject, release the vitality of innovation factors, and allow all sources of innovation to flow in full. It is necessary to further clarify the different roles played by enterprises, research institutes, and governments in scientific and technological innovation, and allow enterprises to become the main body for technological innovation decisions, R&D inputs, scientific research organizations, and results transformation. Research institutes and universities should speed up the establishment of a modern institute governance structure. To improve the management system and provide effective technology supply, the government must actively create an atmosphere conducive to innovation and an environment. To build a large-scale, reasonable structure, high-quality innovative talents. It is necessary to respect the regional agglomeration laws of science and technology innovation activities, build scientific and technological innovation centers with global influence and national comprehensive science centers, and play an important demonstration and leading role in supporting national innovation-driven development.
Cultivate innovative culture and form a social atmosphere that advocates innovation and respect for creativity. Without universal improvement in the quality of science for all, it will be difficult to establish an ambitious army of high-quality innovation, and it will be difficult to achieve rapid transformation of scientific and technological achievements. Vigorously promote the spirit of innovation, fully respect the characteristics of inspirational nature and path uncertainty of basic scientific research, and encourage scientists to courageously carry out subversive creative thinking and build fertile ground for innovation. Create a good atmosphere of courage and tolerance. Improve the incentive mechanism for encouraging innovation, encourage innovation from the perspective of institutional orientation and public opinion, establish a fair competition atmosphere, create a good environment for innovation, and allow people who dare to innovate, innovate, and innovate to be respected and have a stage. Fully stimulating the spirit of entrepreneurship, mobilizing the enthusiasm for entrepreneurial innovation in the entire society, and converging into the majestic force of promoting innovation and development.
Centering on the Development of Service Economy to Promote the Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements
The report of the 19th CPC National Congress emphasizes that it is necessary to deepen the reform of the science and technology system, establish a technological innovation system that focuses on enterprises as the mainstay, market orientation, and deep integration of industry, university, and research, strengthen support for SME innovation, and promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements. Science and technology services Economic development is essentially a question of the matching between the "demand" of science and technology and the supply of science and technology to the economy. The “two skins” problem has always existed in technological innovation and economic development, mainly because of the lack of impetus for economic “demand” and the inability of technology to “supply”. On the one hand, at a specific stage of economic development, economic entities can obtain relatively large profits through the simple expansion of factors, and lack the internal driving force for development through scientific and technological innovation; on the other hand, the administrative model and relative management of scientific research institutions in China are relative. The closed scientific and technological resource allocation model makes the main body of scientific and technological innovation relatively insufficient in its ability to provide effective science and technology supply.
At present, this situation has undergone fundamental changes. First of all, the traditional development mode of relying on factor expansion has been difficult to sustain. Enterprises must survive to develop and must turn to rely on the road of scientific and technological innovation. Therefore, market players really have the need and drive for technological innovation. Secondly, with the deepening of the reform of the technological innovation system and the continuous adjustment of the allocation mode of science and technology resources, scientific research institutions also have the motivation and ability to actively connect with the market and serve the development of the economy. With the two main forces working in the same direction, the "two skins" problem of science and technology will be effectively solved.
At present, we need to further implement the relevant policy documents that have been issued by the state to encourage the transfer of scientific and technological achievements. We must improve the incentive mechanism for encouraging innovation, encourage innovation from the perspective of institutional orientation and public opinion orientation, pay attention to the protection of intellectual property rights, and establish a level playing field. To create a good environment for innovation, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of the entire society for entrepreneurial innovation, and bring them into the majestic force of promoting innovation and development.